The E-LFT process
E-LFT – a combination of EF and LFT
In the search for processes that reconcile the apparent contradiction between stiffness, strength, long-term stability, weight and costs better than conventional materials, we decided to break free from the limitations of traditional thinking. The outcome: our E-LFT process, which Weber Fibertech has made fit for serial production during ten years of intensive research and development.
The process is based on long fiber thermoplastic technology, which gives you considerable flexibility in terms of design and structure. Continuous (endless) fibers, which increase the strength of a part so that it fulfills crashworthiness requirements, are incorporated into this basic structure as structural reinforcement. Apart from the greater design freedom, developers also have the option of integrating functional elements directly into the process, enabling certain installation and testing steps to be eliminated.
The result: parts weighing no more than half the average for conventional components, depending on the material, with no increase in cost and comparable or superior in terms of safety.
The production process
Efficient manufacturing technology and short cycle times
The process is based on long fiber thermoplastic technology, which gives you considerable flexibility in terms of design and structure. Continuous (endless) fibers, which increase the strength of a part in the areas relevant for the various load cases so that it fulfills crashworthiness requirements, are incorporated into this basic structure as structural reinforcement. Apart from the greater design freedom, developers also have the option of integrating functional elements directly into the process, enabling certain installation and testing steps to be eliminated. The result: structural parts weighing no more than half the average for conventional components, depending on the material, with no increase in cost and comparable or superior in terms of safety.
Surface design options
In addition to purely structural parts which are not visible in the application, numerous options also exist for designing the surface of visible structural parts, which have to satisfy strength and stiffness criteria alongside the strictest look-and-feel requirements.
Surface structureFree choice of grained or pigmented surface. Any standard grain structure is possible, providing a broad range of options for surface design.
Surface materialEach part can have a fabric, felt or card web backing. These high-quality surfaces can be economically produced in a one-shot process by inserting the special surface materials into the mold and back-compression molding them using LFT or E-LFT.
Look and feelParts with decorative surfaces and a soft-touch effect can likewise be manufactured economically off-tool in a one-shot process. Once again, films inserted into the mold can be used to design the surfaces. Different surfaces can thus be realized and combined in a single mold. Only one tool is needed to produce parts with a highly diverse look and feel.
At a glance
Technologies at a glance
LFT and DLFT
Direct processes for manufacturing long fiber-reinforced plastic parts.
Patented, proprietary and affordable process for manufacturing ultra-lightweight, high-strength plastic parts. Global or local reinforcement with organo sheets, tailored fiber blanks and UD tapes.
Plastic parts with local metal reinforcements. Form-closed connection between plastic and metal. The metal plate and the plastic are formed in a one-shot process in a single mold.
Visible structural parts with a grain structure, fabrics, card webs, felts and films are produced in a one-shot process
These processes can also be combined
Advantages of the D-LFT and E-LFT technologies
Weight reduction due to the high strength and stiffness of the parts.
Economical, lightweight design
Cost benefits because local reinforcement is only provided in the areas relevant for the various load cases.
Proper long fibers (more than 10 mm) in the plastic part due to the gentle, direct compounding process which results in higher basic strength.
Proven welding and bonding technologies
Ideal for shell-type structural parts.
Lower tooling costs
Significantly lower tooling costs compared to conventional injection molding, with no increase in cycle times. The process can also be employed cost-efficiently for serial production of any desired quantity because at Weber Fibertech even high-volume products are fully automated.
Less deformation of the parts and increased temperature stability due to the low cavity pressures.
Suitable for large-sized parts
Suitable for parts up to 2 m² in size, economical production of medium-sized parts, e.g. Using family molds.
Form-closed connection between plastic and metal. The plastic and metal are formed in a one-shot process in a single mold and a single process step. Metal plates made of steel or aluminum are inserted into the mold unmachined.
All parts are completely recyclable.
Manifold possibilities for function integration
There are manifold possibilities for integrating all kinds of functions: visible areas, fabric back compression molding, paintable, reproducible characteristics as well as inserts such as bushes or hinges.
Function-integrated lightweight design
Fiber composite parts can be automatically manufactured using a variety of production processes. Which process is most appropriate and most efficient in a particular situation is determined by considering several basic parameters. For example, feasibility studies establish whether or not the envisaged technology can be effectively deployed. Furthermore, integration into existing processes and the development of a robust, efficient and reliable process chain encompassing all aspects of the production process is extremely important.
Detailed component studies have been carried out for the most diverse parts and their feasibility verified with regard to our E-LFT technology.
Feasibility study: Seat backDesign, simulation, FE calculations, crash simulations through to the construction of prototypes from experimental molds and the performance of crash and belt tension tests. Conformity with EC R14, ECE R 25 and US-NCAP.
Feasibility study: Body in white using E-LFT technologyDevelopment, layout and simulation of an ultra-lightweight E-LFT body structure for two and four-seater vehicles. Weight and cost reduction targets exceeded. Complete production concept for a manufacturing setup with a scalable volume and very low capital costs compared to conventional technologies.
Component study: TailgateLayout and calculation of the tailgate’s structural parts. Manifold possibilities for function integration. Fewer components because the E-LFT part is simultaneously a visible, interior part. Cost-efficient solution involving only low capital costs.
Considerable potential across all industries
Fiber composites have already demonstrated their considerable capabilities in many different sectors. In modern aircraft design, for instance, fiber composites have all but replaced conventional materials. Numerous innovative applications have been realized in the automotive industry, boat construction, wind power projects and the building trade.
Fiber composite technology is also very much in demand in electrical equipment, engine construction, agricultural implements and alternative energy systems, for which highly promising solutions have been identified.
We are a strong team – profit from our competent advice!
Are you looking for a competent cooperation partner to support your research projects? Would you like to profit from our practical experience and our vast knowledge of materials and design technology? Contact us for more information! Our experts will be pleased to discuss the opportunities of a partnership with Weber Fibertech with you in person.
Phone: +49 7544 963-6300